Politics is one area of undeniably high importance. People all over the world are somehow involved in it, even if only a tiny bit. Its something that affects our day to day lives and our lifestyle. So what is this subject matter that plays such a crucial role in our lives about exactly? The word Politics is derived from the Greek word politikos, meaning "for, of or relating to citizens". It can also be defined as the enactment and conjecture of influencing people at a civic/individual level. It means achieving/exercising positions of authority or organizing power over a human body, at many times a state. A political system can be described as a framework which specifies acceptable political norms within a specific society or group of people. A political party is an organization that seeks to conquer and maintain political power within the government, usually by taking part in electoral campaigns, etc. Politics involves a number of tasks. Some include:
- Promoting political views among individuals
- Negotiation with other political figures,
- Making/introducing laws
- Exercising force when required
When one uses legislated government powers for their own purpose i.e private gain this act is called political corruption. Repression is also another aspect of misuse of power of government. Going against their opponents, using government police for private brutality acts does not come under political corruption. The illegal act by any government person leads to political corruption only if it is related to their daily services to be provided i.e. official duties. There are few funding practices which are not legal to one government and legal to another. There are no strongly defined powers that can clearly differentiate the illegal practices and legal practices.
Politics is a book of law which has to be followed. It is a set of business instructions and rules for the government officials to serve the country better. These activities are restricted to a particular city, area, country or village. They are the predefined activities which are performed for the political good health of the country. It is a blend of rich and poor. The desire for right justice, political freedom, security and peace of a country come into politics. At the same time, there is a negative side of the vertical too. Few people take the advantage of being in the higher position and when other people are following them. Though many great people have defined politics as a "way of handling the government of humans", few misconstrue it and exploit it. Though Aristotle and Plato did not agree with the theories and principals involved in it, they redefined politics as the right way of performing the task of a statesmen and developing the state".
Political systems have been divided in a number of ways throughout the year. The basis of division has varied over time as development emerged all over the world. According to sociologist, the political systems are as follows:
There are certain political values which are followed by many societies. These are :
Leaders may be one of the most significant characters when it comes to politics. They are the ones who drive citizens to act in a certain way. Through motivation (could be positive or negative)and persuasion they achieve their goals. There are various types of leaders out there. One way to classify them is:
There are a number of things covered in politics when it comes to the history of politics. They are as follows:
There are various areas of politics that you can choose to study. These are:
There are numerous career opportunities for those who wish to major in this arena of politics. They are: